This model C Level Contact List of state construction, synchronized by commercial perspectives and low levels of internal consensus in many cases, created inefficient structures, but also extremely rigid and with low adaptability to critical situations. And if the proliferation of the values of the urban liberal elites served to build the structures, in periods of economic crisis liberalism itself can be a catchword for the representation of "anti-oligarchic" discourses based on the confrontation of individuality and its privileges against C Level Contact List the concentrated control of solidarity networks woven by political and social elites. And all this provided material to condense forces around invertebrate coalitions of excluded people who C Level Contact List use their vote as a punishment.
Against the C Level Contact List establishment, which increases transaction costs, it reduces the incentives for the pact and extremes the ideological distance and the particular interests between the vehicles of partisan representation. We see this both in societies with strong and rooted elites (Chile, Uruguay) and in those C Level Contact List where the shards of political, social and economic power rest on an archipelago of actors with crossed vetoes (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil). Something that, as Ryan Saylor pointed out5, can also occur in contexts of economic boom , where the need to provide public goods in the face C Level Contact List of the new cycle of expansion makes it possible to generate relevant benefits for specific sectors to the detriment of others6.
This, in turn, can C Level Contact List obstruct cooperation and promote defensive competition, especially if the institutional framework lacks sufficient roots to maintain professional bureaucracies, corporate coherence and autonomy of action, elements that are necessary for bureaucracies to guide long-term policies and instruments C Level Contact List with channels for feedback, reformulation and reorientation with private actors, without subsuming in them7. This brings us to the second point: the attractiveness and potential of political C Level Contact List individualism in Latin America.